Database of Electronic Communication and Destabilization
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  Summary 
The Database of Electronic Communication and Destabilization focuses on events staged by interest groups performing destabilizing actions on a target, usually a nation-state, for political ends which otherwise would not have been possible without the use of information communication technology (ICT). The project is managed by Kenneth Farrall, Ph.D. ABD at the Annenberg School for Communication, University of Pennsylvania.

The database will be of use to academic researchers looking for real world examples who assist in theory building, journalists looking for background of particular stories related to ICTs and social conflict, and policy makers wishing to develop a better understanding of the role of technology in destabilization. For full details on theory and methodology, please see the introduction.

Prototypical events include the deployment of cassette tape sermons by the Ayatollah Khomeini to foment revolution in Iran in 1979, the use of cell phones, video cameras and fax machines by students and workers to turn back an attempted coup in Thailand in 1992, and the use of Short Messaging Service in the People Power II revolt against President Estrada of the Philippines in January 2001.

 Prototypical Events
Revolution, Iran, 1979
Coup attempt, Thailand, 1992
Revolution, Indonesia, 1998
People Power II, Philippines, 2001
Orange Revolution, Ukraine, 2004

 Major Events
Tiananmen, China, 1989
Genocide, Rwanda, 1994
WTO, US, 2001

 Signifiers
Jiangxi School Blast
Hacker War in China
Seven Hours Time Difference Incident
Abu Grahib Torture Scandal
U.S. Election 2004 Fraud





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